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Old 04-25-2009, 07:23 AM   #1
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Default Test Results May Mark Spread Of Swine Flu To New York

A crisis could be coming

http://www.allheadlinenews.com/articles/7014927583

Melvin Baker - AHN Reporter

New York, NY (AHN) - Health officials here are expected to announce as early as today whether it was swine flu that sickened dozens of students at a private school in Queens.

If so, it would heighten concerns nationwide about the spread of a disease that has killed 68 people and strickened about 1,000 in Mexico.

Six persons in California and two in Texas have been confirmed to have contracted the illness by the the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

A third case, of a high school student in San Antonio, Texas, was reported on Friday.

U.S. health officials say the U.S. cases of swine flu have similar characteristics to the deadly strain in Mexico.

In the latest cases in New York, about 75 students at St. Stephens Preparatory School fell ill on Thursday with nausea, fever, dizziness and aches and pains.
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Old 04-25-2009, 07:34 AM   #2
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Good thing Sanchez didnt take the invite to the geen room at the draft. Cant risk the health of the future savior of our franchise.
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Old 04-25-2009, 11:10 AM   #3
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Has anyone said "Pandemic" yet? This could be it.
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Old 04-25-2009, 11:15 AM   #4
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I guess they have. Check this out.

Mexico fights swine flu with 'pandemic potential'

SoCals link: http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090425/.../med_swine_flu

MEXICO CITY – A new swine flu strain that has killed as many as 68 people and sickened more than 1,000 across Mexico has "pandemic potential," the World Health Organization chief said Saturday, and it may be too late to contain the sudden outbreak.

The disease has already reached Texas and California, and with 24 new suspected cases reported Saturday in Mexico City alone, schools were closed and all public events suspended in the capital until further notice — including more than 500 concerts and other gatherings in the metropolis of 20 million.

A hot line fielded 2,366 calls in its first hours from frightened city residents who suspected they might have the disease. Soldiers and health workers handed out masks at subway stops, and hospitals dealt with crowds of people seeking help.

The World Health Organization's director-general, Margaret Chan, said the outbreak of the never-before-seen virus is a very serious situation and has "pandemic potential." But she said it is still too early to tell if it would become a worldwide outbreak.

"The situation is evolving quickly," Chan said in a telephone news conference in Geneva. "A new disease is by definition poorly understood."

This virus is a mix of human, pig and bird strains that prompted WHO to meet Saturday to consider declaring an international public health emergency — a step that could lead to travel advisories, trade restrictions and border closures. Spokesman Gregory Hartl said a decision would not be made Saturday.

Scientists have warned for years about the potential for a pandemic from viruses that mix genetic material from humans and animals. Another reason to worry is that authorities said the dead so far don't include vulnerable infants and elderly. The Spanish flu pandemic, which killed at least 40 million people worldwide in 1918-19, also first struck otherwise healthy young adults.

This swine flu and regular flu can have similar symptoms — mostly fever, cough and sore throat, though some of the U.S. victims who recovered also experienced vomiting and diarrhea. But unlike with regular flu, humans don't have natural immunity to a virus that includes animal genes — and new vaccines can take months to bring into use.

But experts at the WHO and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say the nature of this outbreak may make containment impossible. Already, more than 1,000 people have been infected in as many as 14 of Mexico's 32 states, according to daily newspaper El Universal. Tests show 20 people have died of the swine flu, and 48 other deaths were probably due to the same strain.

The CDC and Canadian health officials were studying samples sent from Mexico, and airports around the world were screening passengers from Mexico for symptoms of the new flu strain, saying they may quarantine passengers.

But CDC officials dismissed the idea of trying that in the United States, and some expert said it's too late to try to contain spread of the virus.

They noted there had been no direct contact between the cases in the San Diego and San Antonio areas, suggesting the virus had already spread from one geographic area through other undiagnosed people.

"Anything that would be about containing it right now would purely be a political move," said Michael Osterholm, a University of Minnesota pandemic expert.

Mexican President Felipe Calderon said his government only discovered the nature of the virus late Thursday, with the help of international laboratories. "We are doing everything necessary," he said in a brief statement.

But the government had said for days that its growing flu caseload was nothing unusual, so the sudden turnaround angered many who wonder if Mexico missed an opportunity to contain the outbreak.

"Why did it break out, where did it break out? What's the magnitude of the problem?" pizzeria owner David Vasquez said while taking his family to a movie Friday night, despite warnings to stay out of theaters.

Across Mexico's capital, residents reacted with fatalism and confusion, anger and mounting fear at the idea that their city may be ground zero for a global epidemic.

Authorities urged people to stay home if they feel sick and to avoid shaking hands or kissing people on the cheeks.

Outside Hospital Obregon in the capital's middle-class Roma district, a tired Dr. Roberto Ortiz, 59, leaned against an ambulance and sipped coffee Saturday on a break from an unusually busy shift.

"The people are scared," Ortiz said. "A person gets some flu symptoms or a child gets a fever and they think it is this swine flu and rush to the hospital."

He said none of the cases so far at the hospital had turned out to be swine flu.

Jose Donasiano Rosales, 69, got nervous on the subway and decided to get out one stop early.

"I felt I couldn't be there for even one more station," Donasiano said as he set up a rack to sell newspapers on a busy thoroughfare. "We're in danger of contagion. ... I'm worried."

The local Roman Catholic Church recommended that priests shorten Mass; place communion wafers in worshippers' hands, instead of their mouths; and ask parishioners to avoid kissing or shaking hands during the rite of peace. The Archdiocese also said Catholics could fulfill their Mass obligation by radio.

One official said Mexico City may not be the epicenter of the outbreak — and could be appearing to the brunt simply because it is home to the most sophisticated medical centers.

"The country's best health care facilities are concentrated in the city," said city Health Secretary Armando Ahued. "All the cases here get reported, that's why the number is so high."

The same virus also sickened at least eight people in Texas and California, though there have been no deaths north of the border, puzzling experts at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

A "seed stock" genetically matched to the new swine flu virus has been created by the CDC, said Dr. Richard Besser, the agency's acting director. If the government decides vaccine production is necessary, manufacturers would need that stock to get started.

The CDC says two flu drugs, Tamiflu and Relenza, seem effective against the new strain. Roche, the maker of Tamiflu, said the company is prepared to immediately deploy a stockpile of the drug if requested. Both drugs must be taken early, within a few days of the onset of symptoms, to be most effective.

Mexico's Health Secretary Jose Angel Cordova said the country has enough Tamiflu to treat 1 million people — only one in 20 people in greater Mexico City alone — and that the medicine will be strictly controlled and handed out only by doctors.

At Mexico's National Institute of Respiratory Illnesses, Adrian Anda waited to hear whether his 15-year-old daughter had the frightening new disease. She had been suffering a cough and fever for a week.

"If they say that it is, then we'll suffer. Until then, we don't want to think about it," he said.
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Old 04-25-2009, 11:16 AM   #5
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Living in Texas this is a little too close. I know a lot of Mexicans!!
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Old 04-25-2009, 11:24 AM   #6
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Living in Mexico City is WAY TOO CLOSE.
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Old 04-25-2009, 11:25 AM   #7
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nothing to do with the Mexican race by the way... It's just a contagious strand of the flu that somehow got here.
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Old 04-25-2009, 11:26 AM   #8
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Living in Mexico City is WAY TOO CLOSE.
Yikes, I'd say so...
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Old 04-25-2009, 11:44 AM   #9
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Tucson...
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Old 04-25-2009, 12:39 PM   #10
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Sir Mawn View Post
nothing to do with the Mexican race by the way... It's just a contagious strand of the flu that somehow got here.
If I were you, I'd do everything possible to strengthen my imune system! Eat plenty of garlic and go out and buy some oregano oil. If you can find a way to make Garlic oil by using a Vegie-Fruit juicer, that would pay dividends as well. There's also another remedy called Super ViraGon. It contains 10 of the most powerful antipathogens found in nature.

Ginger
Onion
Garlic (equivalent to 30 cloves in every bottle)
Olive leaf
Horseradish
Habanero
Zinc
Grapefruit seed extract
Wild mountain oil of oregano
Apple cider vinegar

Good Luck and stay healthy!!!!

http://www.beat-bird-flu.com/article...gon_review.htm
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Old 04-25-2009, 07:09 PM   #11
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Originally Posted by rastaman View Post
If I were you, I'd do everything possible to strengthen my imune system! Eat plenty of garlic and go out and buy some oregano oil. If you can find a way to make Garlic oil by using a Vegie-Fruit juicer, that would pay dividends as well. There's also another remedy called Super ViraGon. It contains 10 of the most powerful antipathogens found in nature.

Ginger
Onion
Garlic (equivalent to 30 cloves in every bottle)
Olive leaf
Horseradish
Habanero
Zinc
Grapefruit seed extract
Wild mountain oil of oregano
Apple cider vinegar

Good Luck and stay healthy!!!!

http://www.beat-bird-flu.com/article...gon_review.htm

Thanks for the tip!
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Old 04-25-2009, 07:57 PM   #12
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Why is it called "swine" flu. Don't all forms of influenza come from birds ---> pigs ----> humans?
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Old 04-25-2009, 08:00 PM   #13
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I take a zinc tablet every day and haven't had the flu in at least 5 years.
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Old 04-25-2009, 08:07 PM   #14
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Quote:
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Why is it called "swine" flu. Don't all forms of influenza come from birds ---> pigs ----> humans?
Not necessarily. Bird flu comes directly from birds to humans. There is even such things as horse flu, which can be caught by humans from horses.
Though because horses aren't used as much nowadays, this isn't very common
anymore.
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Old 04-25-2009, 08:33 PM   #15
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Don't remember ever having the flu because i caught a virus...only puke when i drink to much.

Bottom line...wash your freaking hands!!
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Old 04-26-2009, 04:37 PM   #16
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http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp...r0MMPj967sBdOw

US declares swine flu outbreak a health emergency

8 hours ago

WASHINGTON (AFP) — The United States declared a swine flu outbreak a public health emergency Sunday as officials confirmed 20 cases in five US states and warned that they expected more in the coming days.

President Barack Obama is monitoring the spreading virus and has reviewed US capabilities to counter the deadly flu outbreak, which has killed up to 81 people in Mexico, White House homeland security advisor John Brennan told reporters.

Obama has ordered a "very active, aggressive, and coordinated response," Brennan said.

Richard Besser, the acting head of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), told a White House press conference that there were eight confirmed US cases in New York City, seven in California, two in Texas, two in Kansas and one in Ohio.

"As we look for cases of swine flu, we are seeing more cases of swine flu. We expect to see more cases of swine flu," said Besser.

"We're responding aggressively to try and learn more about this outbreak" and to implement measures to control its spread, he added.

"We've ramped up our surveillance around the country to try and understand better what is the scope, what is the magnitude of this outbreak."

Although there the government has not issued a warning against travel to Mexico, Besser said warnings could be increased "based on what the situation warrants."

Homeland Security Department Secretary Janet Napolitano said the US government would officially declare a public health emergency later on Sunday in response to the outbreak, adding that the declaration was "standard operating procedure."

The move allows government agencies to free up federal, state and local agencies and their resources in preventing the spread of the virus.

The declaration also allows officials to use medication and diagnostic tests and releases funds to purchase additional antiviral medication.

"All persons entering the United States from a location of human infection of swine flu will be processed through all appropriate CDC protocols," she added.

Suspected swine flu cases were being tested in Europe, the Middle East and Asia, after the new strain gain attention out of Mexico last week.

Health officials in Canada have reported a total of six confirmed cases of the potentially deadly virus.

World Health Organization (WHO) officials warned that the new strain, apparently born when human and avian flu viruses infected pigs and became mixed, could further mutate.

US immigration officials are looking for people with flu symptoms, said Napolitano.

"Travelers who do present with symptoms, if and when encountered, will be isolated per established rules," she said.

"They will be provided both with personal protective equipment and we'll continue to emphasize universal hand washing."

Similar emergency health declarations were issued for floods in recent months in the US states of Minnesota and North Dakota and President Barack Obama's inauguration in January.

Napolitano said the government intends to release a quarter of the national stockpile of 50 million doses of the antiviral drugs Tamiflu and Relenza. The drugs would be made available to all US states, especially those with confirmed cases of the flu.

The Pentagon, she added, "has procured and strategically pre-positioned" seven million treatment courses of the flu drug Tamiflu.

In Mexico, President Felipe Calderon urged citizens to consult a doctor if they present flu-like symptoms.

Speaking at a National Health Council event on Sunday, Felipe Calderon said it was necessary for Mexicans to "move fast, but to maintain calm and cooperate with the authorities."
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Old 04-26-2009, 04:45 PM   #17
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This is probably a manufactured virus. It contains strains from 3 countries, in a way never seen before. Perhaps an accidental release of a test sample.
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Old 04-26-2009, 05:02 PM   #18
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This is probably a manufactured virus. It contains strains from 3 countries, in a way never seen before. Perhaps an accidental release of a test sample.
I think I saw that movie.
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Old 04-26-2009, 05:07 PM   #19
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The new Mexican Swine Flu has elements of DNA from the following: avian flu, human flu Type A, human flu Type B, Asian swine flu, and European swine flu. A strange combination never seen before and having less than 1/10% chance of being a natural event. Human and animal viruses from four or more continents suddenly recombine in a new flu during a non-flu season that spreads from human-to-human with a 10% fatality rating.

While you may think it's fantasy, it's probably reality.
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Old 04-26-2009, 07:10 PM   #20
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The new Mexican Swine Flu has elements of DNA from the following: avian flu, human flu Type A, human flu Type B, Asian swine flu, and European swine flu. A strange combination never seen before and having less than 1/10% chance of being a natural event. Human and animal viruses from four or more continents suddenly recombine in a new flu during a non-flu season that spreads from human-to-human with a 10% fatality rating.

While you may think it's fantasy, it's probably reality.
Nothin' like fighting an enemy who has the symptoms of 5 different strains of the flue virus. Fighting just doen't come to mind while a person has "the squirts",tosses their cookies, goes from freezing to sweating profusely, every part of their body acheing, and just plain feeling like ****ing ****.
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Old 04-26-2009, 07:21 PM   #21
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Yeah, just like how SARS and Avian flu almost wiped out civilization.

Oh, Bob, you excluded the part where Napolitano thought calling it an emergency was over the top.

"I wish we could call it a declaration of emergency preparedness”
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Old 04-26-2009, 07:23 PM   #22
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Meanwhile 50,000 healthy people die in the U.S. each year in completely preventable motor vechicle collisions. Ten times that many are significantly injured. Along comes a virus that kills 60 people in a week and panic ensues.
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Old 04-26-2009, 07:26 PM   #23
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Meanwhile 50,000 healthy people die in the U.S. each year in completely preventable motor vechicle collisions. Ten times that many are significantly injured. Along comes a virus that kills 60 people in a week and panic ensues.
But it has cooler sounding name. "Swine Flu" cooler then "vehicle collisions".
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Old 04-26-2009, 07:38 PM   #24
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Why is it called "swine" flu. Don't all forms of influenza come from birds ---> pigs ----> humans?

Influenza infects many animal species, and transfer of viral strains between species can occur. Birds are thought to be the main animal reservoirs of influenza viruses.[109] Sixteen forms of hemagglutinin and nine forms of neuraminidase have been identified. All known subtypes (HxNy) are found in birds, but many subtypes are endemic in humans, dogs, horses, and pigs; populations of camels, ferrets, cats, seals, mink, and whales also show evidence of prior infection or exposure to influenza.[34] Variants of flu virus are sometimes named according to the species the strain is endemic in or adapted to. The main variants named using this convention are: Bird Flu, Human Flu, Swine Flu, Horse Flu and Dog Flu. (Cat flu generally refers to Feline viral rhinotracheitis or Feline calicivirus and not infection from an influenza virus.) In pigs, horses and dogs, influenza symptoms are similar to humans, with cough, fever and loss of appetite.[34] The frequency of animal diseases are not as well-studied as human infection, but an outbreak of influenza in harbour seals caused approximately 500 seal deaths off the New England coast in 1979–1980.[110] On the other hand, outbreaks in pigs are common and do not cause severe mortality.[34]

Flu symptoms in birds are variable and can be unspecific.[111] The symptoms following infection with low-pathogenicity avian influenza may be as mild as ruffled feathers, a small reduction in egg production, or weight loss combined with minor respiratory disease.[112] Since these mild symptoms can make diagnosis in the field difficult, tracking the spread of avian influenza requires laboratory testing of samples from infected birds. Some strains such as Asian H9N2 are highly virulent to poultry and may cause more extreme symptoms and significant mortality.[113] In its most highly pathogenic form, influenza in chickens and turkeys produces a sudden appearance of severe symptoms and almost 100% mortality within two days.[114] As the virus spreads rapidly in the crowded conditions seen in the intensive farming of chickens and turkeys, these outbreaks can cause large economic losses to poultry farmers.

An avian-adapted, highly pathogenic strain of H5N1 (called HPAI A(H5N1), for "highly pathogenic avian influenza virus of type A of subtype H5N1") causes H5N1 flu, commonly known as "avian influenza" or simply "bird flu", and is endemic in many bird populations, especially in Southeast Asia. This Asian lineage strain of HPAI A(H5N1) is spreading globally. It is epizootic (an epidemic in non-humans) and panzootic (a disease affecting animals of many species, especially over a wide area), killing tens of millions of birds and spurring the culling of hundreds of millions of other birds in an attempt to control its spread. Most references in the media to "bird flu" and most references to H5N1 are about this specific strain.[115][116]

At present, HPAI A(H5N1) is an avian disease, and there is no evidence suggesting efficient human-to-human transmission of HPAI A(H5N1). In almost all cases, those infected have had extensive physical contact with infected birds.[117] In the future, H5N1 may mutate or reassort into a strain capable of efficient human-to-human transmission. The exact changes that are required for this to happen are not well understood.[118] However, due to the high lethality and virulence of H5N1, its endemic presence, and its large and increasing biological host reservoir, the H5N1 virus was the world's pandemic threat in the 2006–07 flu season, and billions of dollars are being raised and spent researching H5N1 and preparing for a potential influenza pandemic.[119]

Influenzavirus A

This genus has one species, influenza A virus. Wild aquatic birds are the natural hosts for a large variety of influenza A. Occasionally, viruses are transmitted to other species and may then cause devastating outbreaks in domestic poultry or give rise to human influenza pandemics.[29] The type A viruses are the most virulent human pathogens among the three influenza types and cause the most severe disease. The influenza A virus can be subdivided into different serotypes based on the antibody response to these viruses.[30] The serotypes that have been confirmed in humans, ordered by the number of known human pandemic deaths, are:

* H1N1, which caused Spanish flu in 1918
* H2N2, which caused Asian Flu in 1957
* H3N2, which caused Hong Kong Flu in 1968
* H5N1, a pandemic threat in the 2007–08 flu season
* H7N7, which has unusual zoonotic potential[31]
* H1N2, endemic in humans and pigs





Influenzaviruses A, B and C are very similar in structure.[39] The virus particle is 80–120 nanometres in diameter and usually roughly spherical, although filamentous forms can occur.[40] Unusually for a virus, its genome is not a single piece of nucleic acid; instead, it contains seven or eight pieces of segmented negative-sense RNA. The Influenza A genome encodes 11 proteins: hemagglutinin (HA), neuraminidase (NA), nucleoprotein (NP), M1, M2, NS1, NS2(NEP), PA, PB1, PB1-F2 and PB2.[41]

HA and NA are large glycoproteins on the outside of the viral particles. HA is a lectin that mediates binding of the virus to target cells and entry of the viral genome into the target cell, while NA is involved in the release of progeny virus from infected cells, by cleaving sugars that bind the mature viral particles.[42] Thus, these proteins are targets for antiviral drugs.[43] Furthermore, they are antigens to which antibodies can be raised. Influenza A viruses are classified into subtypes based on antibody responses to HA and NA, forming the basis of the H and N distinctions in, for example, H5N1.

Influenza viruses bind through hemagglutinin onto sialic acid sugars on the surfaces of epithelial cells; typically in the nose, throat and lungs of mammals and intestines of birds (Stage 1 in infection figure).[44] The cell imports the virus by endocytosis. In the acidic endosome, part of the hemagglutinin protein fuses the viral envelope with the vacuole's membrane, releasing the viral RNA (vRNA) molecules, accessory proteins and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase into the cytoplasm (Stage 2).[45] These proteins and vRNA form a complex that is transported into the cell nucleus, where the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase begins transcribing complementary positive-sense vRNA (Steps 3a and b).[46] The vRNA is either exported into the cytoplasm and translated (step 4), or remains in the nucleus. Newly-synthesised viral proteins are either secreted through the Golgi apparatus onto the cell surface (in the case of neuraminidase and hemagglutinin, step 5b) or transported back into the nucleus to bind vRNA and form new viral genome particles (step 5a). Other viral proteins have multiple actions in the host cell, including degrading cellular mRNA and using the released nucleotides for vRNA synthesis and also inhibiting translation of host-cell mRNAs.[47]

Negative-sense vRNAs that form the genomes of future viruses, RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, and other viral proteins are assembled into a virion. Hemagglutinin and neuraminidase molecules cluster into a bulge in the cell membrane. The vRNA and viral core proteins leave the nucleus and enter this membrane protrusion (step 6). The mature virus buds off from the cell in a sphere of host phospholipid membrane, acquiring hemagglutinin and neuraminidase with this membrane coat (step 7).[48] As before, the viruses adhere to the cell through hemagglutinin; the mature viruses detach once their neuraminidase has cleaved sialic acid residues from the host cell.[44] After the release of new influenza viruses, the host cell dies.

Because of the absence of RNA proofreading enzymes, the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase makes a single nucleotide insertion error roughly every 10 thousand nucleotides, which is the approximate length of the influenza vRNA. Hence, the majority of newly-manufactured influenza viruses are mutants, causing "antigenic drift".[49] The separation of the genome into eight separate segments of vRNA allows mixing or reassortment of vRNAs if more than one viral line has infected a single cell. The resulting rapid change in viral genetics produces antigenic shifts and allows the virus to infect new host species and quickly overcome protective immunity.[23] This is important in the emergence of pandemics, as discussed below in the section on Epidemiology


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza

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Old 04-26-2009, 07:58 PM   #25
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Meanwhile 50,000 healthy people die in the U.S. each year in completely preventable motor vechicle collisions. Ten times that many are significantly injured. Along comes a virus that kills 60 people in a week and panic ensues.
Have to disagree with you here. A case fatality rate of say 1%(without tx) would more than overwhelm the health care system if it was widespread. I doubt that stocks of tamiflu, ribavirin, amantadine, etc. are high enough to provide a whole populationpropylaxsis - and the need for ventilators would completely outstrip supplies. You would literally have to hire people to bag valve intubated patients in that scenario to try and save them.
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