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Join Date: Aug 2005
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Originally Posted by Rohirrim
It was greatly exacerbated by NAFTA, as this paper points out:
One of the largely overlooked aspects of the North American Free Trade Agreement is the fact that the failed trade pact has been the catalyst for the massive increase in illegal immigration over the past two decades or so.
An influx of highly subsidized corn flooding the Mexican market has displaced millions of rural farmers, according to McClatchy Newspapers. Prior to the implementation of NAFTA, Mexican officials claimed that factory jobs would fill the void left by disappearing work on family farms.
Mexican officials had promised that NAFTA would result in the “export of goods, not people.” That, however, has turned out to be far from reality.
Since NAFTA was signed into law, illegal immigrants in the U.S. has increased to 12 million today from 3.9 million in 1993, accounting for an overall increase of over 300 percent. According to the Pew Hispanic Center, 57 percent of those entering the country illegally are from Mexico.
“The numbers of people displaced from family farming were much, much higher than the number of new wage jobs,” Jonathan Fox, an expert on rural Mexico at the University of California at Santa Cruz, told McClatchy Newspapers.
Those displaced workers are largely the result of U.S. corn exports to Mexico. Heavily subsidized American Agribusiness not only put hundreds of thousands of American family farms out of business, but also dumped billions of dollars worth of American agricultural products into the Mexican market, putting millions of peasant farmers out of business.
Turns out that Bubba ****ed us coming and going. But agribusiness in America absolutely loved him. No doubt they can't wait for Hillary.
Interesting because NAFTA was originally intended to help Mexico grow their economy to prevent the mass influx of illegal immigration here in the United States. It looks like we gave Mexico our manufacturing jobs while putting Mexico's agriculture business out of commission, and as a result, Mexico's economy went into the dumps. The main problem was, Mexico did not fulfill its promises to Clinton/United States.
But today the number of illegal migrants has only continued to rise. Why didn’t Nafta curb this immigration? The answer is complicated, of course. But a major factor lies in the assumptions made in drafting the trade agreement, assumptions about the way governments would behave (that is, rationally) and the way markets would respond (rationally, as well).
Neither happened, yet Nafta remains the model for trade agreements with developing Latin countries, including the Central American Free Trade Agreement, passed by Congress in 2005. Three more Nafta-like agreements are now pending in Congress — with Panama, Columbia and Peru.
When Nafta finally became a reality, on Jan. 1, 1994, American investment flooded into Mexico, mostly to finance factories that manufacture automobiles, appliances, TV sets, apparel and the like. The expectation was that the Mexican government would do its part by investing billions of dollars in roads, schooling, sanitation, housing and other needs to accommodate the new factories as they spread through the country.
It was more than an expectation. Many Mexican officials in the government of President Carlos Salinas de Gortari assured the Clinton administration that the investment would take place, and believed it themselves, said Gary Hufbauer, a senior fellow at the Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics in Washington who campaigned for Nafta in the early 1990s.
“It just did not happen,” he said
Absent that investment, foreign factories congregated in the north, within 300 miles of the American border, where some infrastructure already existed. “Monterrey is quite good,” Mr. Hufbauer said, “but in a lot of other cities the infrastructure is terrible, not even enough running water or electricity in poor neighborhoods. People get temporary jobs, but that is all.”
Meanwhile, Mexican manufacturers, once protected by tariffs on a host of products, were driven out of business as less expensive, higher quality merchandise flowed into the country. Later, China, with its even-cheaper labor, added to the pressure, luring away manufacturers and jobs.
In other words, Mexico did jack **** in investing in their own country. It's known that they encourage their citizens to go to the United States for work and they send that money back to their families in Mexico. This isn't a United States issue, this is a Mexico issue. We had 5 presidents, 3 Republican and 2 Democrats that have dealt with this issue and nothing has changed. Why? Mexico. Now, I don't blame families south of the border for coming to the Border, they got mouths to feed etc. but their government needs to take care of their own problems and the only way they begin to do that, is if we put up a border wall to stem the flow of immigrants.