Originally Posted by Garcia Bronco
Because the popular vote favors population centers which have different needs than those of smaller populated places. That's why it goes to the House, which is Represented by population. Madison and the boys worked this out and its scalable. Wicked smart guys with time to think on these things.
The actual process by which it is decided in the House is a bit of a cluster****.
Each state only gets one vote. That vote is determined by a vote of all of the House Representatives for that particular state.
"In this event, the House of Representatives is limited to choosing from among the three candidates who received the most electoral votes. Each state delegation votes en bloc – each delegation having a single vote; the District of Columbia does not receive a vote. A candidate must receive an absolute majority of state delegation votes (i.e., at present, a minimum of 26 votes) in order for that candidate to become the President-elect. Additionally, delegations from at least two-thirds of all the states must be present for voting to take place. The House continues balloting until it elects a President."
So for example, Michigan, a blue state, has 8 Republicans and 6 Democrats serving in the House. Their vote would likely go to Romney. But North Carolina, likely a red state, has 7 Democrats and 6 Republicans. Their vote would likely go to Obama.
They did work it out, and it is scalable, but by no means is it a great solution whatsoever.